India is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of Flora and Fauna. Thanks to its suitable geography and climatic conditions, India is home to some of the most beautiful and unique species. One special mention goes to to the birds and birds sanctuaries in India, which are dear to twitchers all over the world. Year after year hundreds of thousands bird watchers get down on Indian main land to grace their eyes with some of the most beautiful scenes.

And it is not just the twitchers that make their way to India each year, migratory birds from all over the world visit India throughout the year – only adding to the beauty. Remarkably, there are more than 1180 bird species in India on its own.All these species are spread over different geographical regions in India like Gangetic plain, Islands, Deserts, Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, the Deccan Plateau and more.

Famous Birds in India:


These are big terrestrial birds which are found in dry open lands. The bird has a long neck and long legs as well. The total height of this bird around 1 meter.White and brown in color, the bird weighs between 3.5 and 6.75 Kg. The bird is omnivorous and feeds on seeds, insects, rats etc.

Garganey Teal:

Garganey Teal is a member of Anatidae family of Anus genus. This species is spread throughout India and is not limited to a particular geographical region. Bharatpur Sanctuary is one of the major places where it is found.

The bird is 35 cm long and weighs around 500 gm. It is white, brown and grey in color with a black chin.

Grey Heron:

The Grey Heron belongs to the heron family Ardeidae. It is mostly found in Europe and Asia. In India, it can be seen in Sunderbans National Park and Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. A large bird, it is around 1 meter in height and weighs 1-2 Kg.


Lammergeier belongs to genus Gypaetus family and is its only member. It is majorly found in India, Tibet and some parts of Europe. The bird has a diamond shaped tail, pointed wings and is around 1-1.25 meters in length. This one is a heavy bird and generally weighs between 5-7 Kg. With an average lifespan of 40 years, the bird is found in mountainous regions.

White Rumped Shama:

White Rumped Shama belongs to the family Muscicapidae and is generally found in South Asia. This one is a small bird and is 25 centimeters long. Only 30 grams in weight, the bird has a small build and long tail.

Famous Bird Sanctuaries in India:

There are a number of bird sanctuaries in India, follows a list of the famous ones:

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Nawab Ganj Sanctuary

Karnala Sanctuary

Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary

Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuarty

Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary