Formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Keoladeo National Park is one of the most visited bird sanctuaries in the world. This sanctuary is home to some of the most remarkable birds in all of India and peculiar migratory birds all over the world. Some of the famous birds/water birds found in Keoladeo National Park are Gadwall, Shoveler, Common Teal,Imperial Eagle, Spotted Eagle, Grey hornbill, and more.
With so much variety of birds in the bird sanctuary, it is tough to pick the most beautiful one which stands out. But the Indian Sarus Crane is one such bird that definitely makes a special place in the eyes and hearts of the visitors. It is the world’s tallest flying bird. It has long legs, a long neck, and a red bald head. The female Sarus crane is a little smaller than its male counterpart. Other than that, they are very similar. The size of this bird is around 1.5 meters and it is always taller than other members of the species around the world.
Like most of the birds, the Indian Sarus Crane is carnivorous in nature. It feeds on reptiles, birds, eggs, butterflies, cereals, potatoes, peas, etc. It is found in southeast Asia (around 1000 of them), in Australian region ( around 4000 of them), and in India (10000 of them). Since these birds are so less in number, they are rightly categorized as endangered species.
Other than the Keoladeo National Park, the Indian Sarus Crane is found in areas of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Haryana. As it is a big bird, it does not tend to migrate to different parts of the country or outside the country. It requires wetlands to survive and have adapted well to the degradation of wet lands over the years. Now these birds have learned to live in small wetlands as well. The birds move to wet agriculture fields in seasons when it is not raining.
Since Indian Sarus Cranes are listed endangered, there are protected areas/sanctuaries like the Keoladeo National Park which act as home to these remarkable birds. Other places include: Madhav National Park, National Chambal Sanctuary, Karera Bustard Sanctuary, Sultan National Park, and the Bhindawas Bird Sanctuary.
Indian Sarus Crane is famous all over the world due to its beauty and unique features. Each year, bird watchers from all around the world come to the Indian Sub-Continent to visit the Keoladeo National Park – the home of the Indian Sarus Crane.