Bharatpur bird sanctuary (now known as Keoladeo National Park) is a world-renowned Avifauna sanctuary which is located in Bharatpur, Rajasthan. The national park (declared in 1982) was given the status of a World Heritage Site in 1985. There are more than 230 species of birds in Bharatpur Sanctuary and many others species of different animals like snakes, lizards and other amphibian species. The sanctuary was formed around 250 years ago and was named after Keoladeo temple (Lord Shiva temple).
Migratory birds in Bharatpur Sanctuary:
Every year in the winters (from October to January) migratory birds make their way to Bharatpur from different corners of the world. This is the time of the year when the bird sanctuary is crowded with birds and visitors. Very rare Siberian cranes used to visit this sanctuary over the years, but have now gone extinct. Famous birds like green legged goose, Chinese coots, Teals, mallards and many more can be seen here every winter.
Let us look at a few famous migratory birds that visit Indiaevery season:
Greater flamingo is the most common species from the flamingo family. It is generally found in Africa and some parts of Europe. The bird covers all the distance to visit India and Pakistan each year in winters. The average lifespan of a greater flamingo is around 60 years.
Sadly, more than 100 of these birds get electrocuted each year In Rann of Kutch area of Rajasthan while travelling.
This bird starts its journey from Iceland, Europe each year to reach Bharatpur around November. It is a big bird with a wingspan of around 80 cm. The species is not threatened, but lies in the near threatened category.
It is a very common duck that makes its way to India from Europe and Northern America every year in the winter season.The conservation status of the bird is least concern, which is a very good thing. It has a green head and a white chest.
This as well is a big bird that breeds in Scandinavia and North Asia before making its way to India. The wingspan of this bird is fairly good as well. It has red legs and bill, and a white back.
These are some of the famous migratory birds that travel from all around the world to India every winter season.